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INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE OF CHICAGO

  • 12 Aug 2022 1:50 PM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    CDC Reports 90 Illinois Counties at High or Medium Community Level; Public Health Officials Urge Illinoisans to Get Up to date on Vaccines and Boosters

    CHICAGO – The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) today reported 26,462 new confirmed and probable cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Illinois, including 123 deaths since August 5, 2022. [IDPH 8.12.2022]

    According to the CDC, 42 counties are now rated at High Community Level for COVID-19. An additional 48 counties in Illinois are now rated at Medium Community Level.

    Currently, IDPH is reporting a total of 3,620,877 cases, including 34,539 deaths, in 102 counties in Illinois since the beginning of the pandemic.

    As of last night, 1,471 individuals in Illinois were reported to be in the hospital with COVID-19.  Of those, 181 patients were in the ICU and 67 patients with COVID-19 were on ventilators.  The preliminary seven-day statewide case rate is 208 COVID-19 cases per 100,000 Illinoisans.

    IDPH Director Sameer Vohra urges parents and guardians to take the steps necessary to get children vaccinated, especially small children under 5 for whom COVID-19 vaccines were recommended by the CDC on June 18.  IDPH is supporting an education and outreach campaign by the Illinois Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics to educate healthcare providers and parents about the effectiveness and safety of the newly authorized vaccines for children under 5. Click HERE to view the resources for families

    The counties listed at High Community Level are Adams, Calhoun, Champaign, Clark, Clinton, Coles, Crawford, Cumberland, DeKalb, Douglas, DuPage, Edgar, Fayette, Ford, Franklin, Henderson, Jackson, Johnson, Kane, Kendall, Knox, Lake, LaSalle, Lawrence, Lee, Madison, Marion, Mason, Massac, Monroe, Ogle, Perry, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Stephenson, Vermilion, Warren, Whiteside, Will, Williamson, and Winnebago.

    The CDC recommends the following measures for people in areas that are rated at High Community Level for COVID-19 transmission:

    • Wear a well-fitting mask indoors in public, regardless of vaccination status (including in K-12 schools and other indoor community settings)
    • If you are immunocompromised or high risk for severe disease
      • Wear a mask or respirator that provides you with greater protection
      • Consider avoiding non-essential indoor activities in public where you could be exposed
      • Talk to your healthcare provider about whether you need to take other precautions
      • Have a plan for rapid testing if needed (e.g., having home tests or access to testing)
      • IF YOU TEST POSITIVE: Talk to your healthcare provider about whether you are a candidate for treatments like oral antivirals, and monoclonal antibodies
    • If you have household or social contact with someone at high risk for severe disease
      • consider self-testing to detect infection before contact
      • consider wearing a mask when indoors with them
    • Stay up to date with COVID-19 vaccines and boosters
    • Maintain improved ventilation throughout indoor spaces when possible
    • Follow CDC recommendations for isolation and quarantine, including getting tested if you are exposed to COVID-19 or have symptoms of COVID-19

    At the Medium Community Level, persons who are elderly or immunocompromised (at risk of severe outcomes) are advised to wear a mask in indoor public places. In addition, they should make sure to get up to date on their COVID-19 vaccines or get their 2nd booster, if eligible.

    IDPH has been supporting pharmacies and healthcare providers in efforts to increase their inventories of the various FDA-authorized treatments. There are over 1,200 treatment locations in Illinois - including all the major retail pharmacies. More than 96.7% of the state’s population is within a 10-mile radius of one of these locations.

    A total of 23,114,591 vaccines have been administered in Illinois. The seven-day rolling average of vaccines administered daily is 8,829 doses.  Since August 5, 61,805 doses were reported administered in Illinois. Of Illinois’ total population, more than 77% has received at least one COVID-19 vaccine dose, more than 69% of Illinois’ total population is fully vaccinated, and more than 54% of the vaccinated population has an initial booster according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data indicates that the risk of hospitalization and severe outcomes from COVID-19 is much higher for unvaccinated people than for those who are up to date on their vaccinations.  All data are provisional and are subject to change.  Additional information and COVID-19 data can be found at https://dph.illinois.gov/covid19.html.  

    Vaccination is the key to ending this pandemic.  To find a COVID-19 vaccination location near you, go to www.vaccines.gov.  The federal government has established a new website that provides an all-purpose toolkit with information on how to obtain masks, treatment, vaccines and testing resources for all areas of the country at: https://www.covid.gov/.


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  • 11 Aug 2022 6:19 PM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    Numbers are in... Managed care rolls decline in June

    The state’s Medicaid managed care rolls saw a slight dip in June, according to recent data from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. [Health News Illinois]

    Enrollment in HealthChoice Illinois was 2,800,420 as of July 1, down 0.4 percent from the 2,810,482 enrolled on June 1.

    Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Illinois saw a small increase in its enrollment, while the other four health plans saw their enrollment decline.

    As of July 1, enrollment totals were:

    ·    Aetna Better Health – 424,677 (2.1 percent decrease from June 1)

    ·    Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Illinois – 696,745 (0.1 percent increase)

    ·    Molina Healthcare – 334,546 (0.3 percent decrease)

    ·    CountyCare Health Plan (Cook County only) – 435,299 (0.1 percent decrease)

    • Meridian Health Plan – 872,738 (no percent change)

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  • 10 Aug 2022 5:35 PM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    A close up photo of the US Capitol building.If Congress could put its effort behind only one important goal on the domestic policy front in the remainder of the year, it should focus on continuation of healthcare coverage for tens of millions of Americans. [MedPageToday]

    Medicaid eligibility rules have been effectively suspended for existing enrollees since the passage of a 2020 COVID-19 relief bill that provided a 6.2 percentage point federal matching grant (FMAP) bump if states allowed Americans to stay on the Medicaid rolls once qualified. The bump is effective until the end of the COVID-19 public health emergency (PHE), now through October 13, 2022.

    With the potential end of the PHE in the U.S. sometime later this year or early next, Medicaid eligibility rules will begin to kick in again and studies suggest that between 5.3 and 14.2 million current enrollees could lose coverage. More>

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  • 9 Aug 2022 1:21 PM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    Monica Mitchell has lived in South Shore for two decades, and in that time, she’s had to change pharmacies three times.

    The 48-year-old registered nurse said when a Walgreens five minutes from her house was closed, she switched to one a few blocks over, but it didn’t carry all the items she needed. So she started going to one in Hyde Park.

    Then came the murder of George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer in the summer of 2020, which sparked days of protests, civil unrest and looting across the city and the nation.

    In the aftermath, hundreds of businesses in Chicago shut their doors either temporarily or permanently, including many pharmacies, and Mitchell was forced to change drugstores once again. By then, the closest Walgreens was in southwest suburban Evergreen Park, 30 minutes away.

    While Mitchell now gets most of what she needs via mail order, that convenience is not widely used by those who are more comfortable with brick-and-mortar stores or lack internet access, she said.

    A few miles southwest of Mitchell, 68-year-old Renita Johnson said over the decades she has lived in Roseland, she has seen a number of nearby pharmacies close.

    She can’t imagine how her older neighbors without cars and limited mobility even get to a drugstore these days.

    “I would see it as a total nightmare,” she said.

    The experiences of the two women are not unusual in many parts of Chicago.

    Even as drugstores are providing more vital services — including COVID-19 tests and vaccinations, contraceptive counseling and wellness visits — a recent study shows communities on the city’s South and West sides have fewer pharmacy locations than other parts of the city. More>

    More on this topic here>

    And here> 

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  • 8 Aug 2022 6:16 PM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    A person who works at a day care in Illinois has tested positive for monkeypox and potentially exposed children, who are at higher risk for severe outcomes from the virus, state officials announced Friday. [Washington Post 8.5.2022]

    Officials are screening children and others who were potentially exposed for symptoms, and the Food and Drug Administration is allowing the children to receive the Jynneos vaccine, which is authorized only for adults. The vaccine can prevent infection or reduce the severity of symptoms after exposure.

    What to know about monkeypox symptoms, treatments and protection

    Authorities said no one else has tested positive. Illinois health officials had determined that between 40 and 50 people, many of whom are children, had been potentially exposed to the day-care worker directly or to items that had been handled by the person, officials said.

    “We are casting a wide net,” Julie Pryde, administrator of the Champaign-Urbana Public Health District, wrote in a text message Friday night. Pryde said that several dozen children had been offered vaccines, pending their guardians’ approval.

    Full article here>

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  • 5 Aug 2022 9:13 AM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    The Department of Public Health will receive $5.3 million in federal funds to support efforts to improve maternal health, the state’s two senators announced last week. [Health News Illinois] 

    The dollars from the Department of Health and Human Services will help the state agency identify, review and characterize maternal deaths. They will also go toward prevention opportunities and the development of new treatments for pregnancy and postpartum complications.

    “Despite being one of the richest and most advanced nations, the United States is facing a dire crisis when it comes to maternal health, particularly for women and babies of color,” said Sen. Dick Durbin, D-Ill.

     An IDPH report released last year found that Black women in Illinois were three times as likely to die from pregnancy-related conditions as white women between 2016 and 2017. The number of white women likely to die from pregnancy-related mental health conditions grew during that same time. 

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  • 5 Aug 2022 8:57 AM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    Gov. JB Pritzker on Monday declared monkeypox a public health emergency.

    The declaration will allow the Department of Public Health to better coordinate logistics across state agencies when it comes to vaccine distribution and working with the federal government on a response to the virus, he said. [Health News Illinois]

    IDPH and the Illinois Emergency Management Agency will also be able to access state and federal recovery and assistance funds to expand vaccine and testing capacities.

    “(Monkeypox) is a rare, but potentially serious disease that requires the full mobilization of all available public health resources to prevent the spread," Pritzker said in a statement.

    Monday’s declaration, effective for 30 days, also allows for emergency procurements to aid the state's response.

    IDPH on Tuesday reported 533 probable and confirmed cases in Illinois, making it the state with the third highest case count.

    Illinois has received more than 7,000 doses of vaccine from the federal government, with IDPH saying an additional 13,000 doses are expected in the “near future.”

    Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot and Chicago Department of Public Health Commissioner Dr. Allison Arwady praised Pritzker's action in a joint statement, adding the city will not issue its own declaration.

    They said more needs to be done at the federal level to address the outbreak.

     "It is our hope that this declaration joins a chorus of others across the nation and encourages the rapid increase and distribution of vaccines," they said.

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  • 4 Aug 2022 8:42 AM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    Were the health equity concerns about the COVID-19 vaccine rollout driven more by unequal vaccine access or lack of patient trust? According to two new studies, published by separate research teams, it may have been both. [Patient EngagementHIT]

    While one study out of the University of Missouri found that vaccine hesitancy among Black people was linked to mistrust from historical and personal experiences of racism in medicine, a separate one from the University of California San Diego indicated unequal vaccine distribution also played a role.

    These findings don’t have to negate one another. The Mizzou researchers noted that unequal vaccine uptake among Black people is only partially explained by vaccine hesitancy; factors like actual vaccine access, as explored by the UCSD researchers, likely compound the disparities.

    Even still, it’s important to understand how each separate issue—patient trust and vaccine access—previously impacted the initial COVID-19 vaccine rollout. This comes amid rumblings that the federal health agencies will begin issuing new vaccines specific to the Omicron subvariant BA.5 in September. Assuring an equitable rollout will mean understanding missteps during the first go around.

    ADDRESSING PATIENT TRUST, RACISM IN MEDICINE

    According to the first study from Mizzou, public health leaders will need to consider further strategies to instill trust in traditionally marginalized groups like Black populations. Researcher Wilson Majee conducted a qualitative assessment using interviews with church leaders, lifestyle coaches, and participants of Live Well by Faith.

    READ MORE: How Healthcare Is Starting to Heal Damaged Black Patient Trust

    Live Well by Faith is a community-based health program run by the Boone County Health Department that sets to address chronic disease management in Black communities.

    Respondents said key factors like social determinants of health kept them from getting the shots, as did things like a dearth of Black doctors administering vaccines, medical misinformation, and limited trust in the vaccine development process. Primarily, respondents said the shots were developed too quickly.

    Full article here>

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  • 3 Aug 2022 5:38 PM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

     Nearly nine out of 10 Americans live within five miles of a community pharmacy. This widespread pharmacy care access makes pharmacies an ideal setting to fill patient care access gaps, according to a new analysis published in the Journal of the American Pharmacists Association (JAPhA). [Patient EngagmentHIT]

    “Community pharmacies are the front door to the health system,” lead study author Lucas Berenbrok, PharmD, associate professor of pharmacy and therapeutics at the Pitt School of Pharmacysaid in a press release. “They’re often where people start their healthcare journey and are a gateway to connection with other healthcare services.”

    Pharmacy care has expanded beyond its traditional medication-dispensing role, becoming the epicenter of healthcare, the study researchers stated. Now, community pharmacies provide comprehensive medication management, preventive screenings, chronic disease management, immunizations, contraception, and other essential healthcare servicesAnd, importantly, they are often more accessible than traditional healthcare settings, the data showed.

    The study, led by the University of Pittsburgh and University of California San Diego researchers, evaluated driving distances to community pharmacies across the United States.

    Full article here>

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  • 2 Aug 2022 11:16 AM | Deborah Hodges (Administrator)

    Residents of Rhode Island receive the best healthcare in the country, while those in Mississippi receive the worst, according to an analysis by WalletHub, a personal finance website.  [Becker's Hospital Review 8.1.2022]

    To identify the best and worst states for healthcare, analysts compared the 50 states and the District of Columbia across 42 different measures of healthcare cost, access and outcomes. The metrics ranged from average hospital expenses per inpatient day to share of patients readmitted to hospitals. Read more about the methodology here

    Illinois ranks 25th on the list. 


    Here are the five states with the highest overall ranking across cost, access and outcomes, according to the analysis: 

    1. Rhode Island

    2. Massachusetts

    3. Hawaii

    4. Minnesota

    5. Maryland 

    Here are the bottom five states on healthcare cost, access and outcomes combined:

    1. Mississippi 

    2. Alabama

    3. Louisiana

    4. Oklahoma

    5. Arkansas 

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